Osteoporosis is the thinning of bone. It is generally associated with aging. Metabolic imbalance, genetics and medications are also factors. Osteopenia is a lesser form of this condition and, if not treated, may progress to the more serious osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is not painful by itself. However, it may lead to spinal fractures that can cause back pain. The fractures may also result in spinal deformity that can lead to a hunched back and/or decreased height.
Treatments of osteoporosis include supplementation with calcium and Vitamin D. Weight-bearing exercise, including walking, is extremely important to build stronger bones. Certain medications such as bisphosphonates, reloxifene, and parathyroid hormone are available to prevent, reduce or treat osteoporosis. Other medications may be used if the osteoporosis is determined to be related to a more general medical condition. It is important to discuss treatment options with your doctor in deciding which treatment, if any, may be best for you.