Spinal deformity generally involves abnormal curvature of the spine. Scoliosis and kyphosis are types of spinal deformity. The curves may result from degenerative changes , neurological issues like Parkinson’s or dystonia, fractures, infection, tumors, or structural changes following spine surgery.
Spinal deformity is not always painful. Pain may arise if the misshapen spine causes nerve root compression or irritation. Pain may also come from the facet or sacroiliac joints.
The treatment for spinal deformity conditions depends on the type of the problem, age of the patient, extent of progression of the deformity and pain severity. Pain is treated in much the same manner as nerve root compression, stenosis or, facet joint pain, depending on the results of the diagnostic evaluation. If there are significant structural problems, surgery may be undertaken in an effort to re-align the spine or stop progression of a worsening deformity. It is important to discuss treatment options with your doctor in deciding which treatment, if any, may be best for you.